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Instalare manuala Joomla 1.5

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Descarca : image-FC71_4A396558.jpg

Step 1 – Create and edit the configuration file

Open the local directory where you uncompressed the Joomla! Core distribution directories and files and

copy the file configuration.php-dist.

Rename the copied file to configuration.php, and open it in your code editor.

Edit the following fields in particular, prior to saving the file in the joomla_root/ directory of the installation.

The remaining fields can be edited through the Global Configuration screen of the Control Panel->Site

Menus. See the image on the next page for a highlighted reference to these particular fields.

var $sitename = 'your Web site name';
var $dbtype = 'mysql';
var $host = 'localhost';
var $user = 'your database username';
var $password = 'your database password';
var $db = 'database name';
var $dbprefix = 'jos_'; // This is the default database table prefix. Change this to whatever you change
the MySQL table prefix to in Step 2.
var $secret = 'FBVtggIk5lAzEU9H'; //Change this to a random mixture of upper and lower
alphanumeric characters. This is an important security feature and should not be neglected.
var $ftp_host = ''; //This is the default localhost address reference. Your Web host may have
set this differently.
var $ftp_port = '21'; // Port 21 is the default FTP port on most operating systems, but may have been
configured differently by your host provider.
var $ftp_user = 'your ftp username';
var $ftp_pass = 'your ftp password';
var $ftp_root = 'the absolute path of the directory that the ftp client should open within';
$ftp_enable = '1'; Set to '1' to enable the FTP layer facility.
var $tmp_path = '/tmp'; //The absolute path to the tmp directory within the root directory of your
Joomla! installation. This should not be confused with the same named directory of your Web server.
var $log_path = '/var/logs'; //The absolute path to your Web server log directory.
var $mailfrom = 'your e-mail address';
var $fromname = 'your Web site name for example';


Step 2 – Edit the SQL file

Open the directory installation->sql->mysql. You will be presented with the following files:


Open the file joomla.sql in your editor and edit the database table prefix. Use the Find and Replace

command of your editor and enter #__ (hash double-underscore) in the Find field and jos_ in the Replace

field and select Enter. Save the file ensuring this is done with UTF-8 No BOM encoding only. This is

extremely important for the operability of the installation. This file will create the table structure of your

Joomla! Database.

If you want to add the Sample Data to your database you need to follow the same procedure with the

sample_data.sql file, again ensuring it is saved with UTF-8 No BOM encoding only.

Step 3 – Upload the files to the Web server

Upload the Joomla! Core Distribution directories and files as previously described, to the Web root directory

or named sub-directory of your Web server, including the newly created configuration.php file, using an

FTP client program or your Web hosts control panel if provided. If the installation is on your local computer

you can simply copy or move the files to the Web server directory.

Step 4 – Create the database and import the joomla.sql data

Access your database server using your preferred MySQL control system, we are going to use

PHPMyAdmin and create the database with the name you entered in the configuration.php file at Step

1. If you are on a shared hosting, remote server you will probably have been given a specific Database

name and do not therefore need to take this action.


Select the Import tab in PHPMyAdmin and then browse to the correct directory from the

joomla_root/installation/sql/mysql directory and select the edited joomla.sql file. Click Go and the data

is imported into the database to create the table structure of the installation. Replace

joomla_root/installation with the correct path to the file on your local disk.


After the data is successfully installed you will notice that the Tables are now displayed in the left hand pane

of the PHPMyAdmin interface.


Congratulations, you have now successfully manually created your Joomla! Web site. To verify this open

your browser and enter the address (in our demonstration examples' case) localhost/joomla (replace

localhost/joomla with the full URL if the installation is on a remote server) and you will see your new Web site

all-be-it it will look pretty bare. You will not be able to access the site to log in and the Administrator Back-end

will not be accessible as you do not yet have an admin user.


By default Joomla! creates the Main Menu with the associated Home Menu Item, but that is all that is


Proceed to the next step to Create an administrator user account Step 5.

Step 5 – Create the primary administrator user account

In order to create the first administrator user you must enter the following Query into the database using the

MySQL administration panel (or command line). This will set the initial username as admin and the

password as admin.

[important]Warning!: You must edit this password immediately you complete the installation particularly on a public/live

Web site otherwise your whole Web site will be vulnerable to anyone who guesses the password[/important]

INSERT INTO `jos_users` VALUES (62, 'Administrator', 'admin', 'your-email@email.com',
'21232f297a57a5a743894a0e4a801fc3', 'Super Administrator', 0, 1, 25, '2005-09-28 00:00:00', '2005-09-28
00:00:00', '', '');
INSERT INTO `jos_core_acl_aro` VALUES (10,'users','62',0,'Administrator',0);
INSERT INTO `jos_core_acl_groups_aro_map` VALUES (25,'',10);

Use the data in the code box above to create an Administrator account by Running an SQL Query within the

PHPMyAdmin interface.


Select the SQL tab of PHPMyAdmin and enter the code in the Query window. When ready click the Go

button. After a few seconds you should receive a confirmation that the query was successful as follows:


If all goes according to plan you will now be able to access the Administrator Back-end of your Joomla! Web


[important]Warning!: You must delete the installation/ directory from your joomla_root/ directory. This is an essential

security measure and must not be overlooked.[/important]

Enter localhost/yoursitename/administrator into the address box of your browser (replace

localhost/yoursitename/ with the full URL if the installation is on a remote server), and the following screen

will be displayed:


Enter the username admin and the password admin and click the Login button.

Your first task must be to edit the User admin. Open the User Manager by clicking the Quick Icon on the

Control Panel.


This will open the User Manager:


Click on the Administrator name and edit the details to your own preferences paying particular attention to

the password and the e-mail address.


You can select and change any of the other details as you wish to at this stage, but you probably could do

with a cup of tea (or something stronger!).

Congratulations, you now have access to your basic, clean installation of Joomla!.

If this is the first time you have used Joomla! and want to see how it all could look with a bit of effort you will

want to install the sample data. Proceed to Step 6 - Install Sample Data.

If, however, you are now satisfied with what you have created and wish to develop the site yourself proceed

to Step 7 – Finish

Step 6 – Import the sample_data.sql data (optional)

If you require the sample data to be installed to the database you must complete a further Import process.

Select the Import tab in the PHPMyAdmin interface and browse to the renamed installation


Once the file is selected from the browser click Go.

If all goes according to plan you will receive a confirmation message.


When you next Login to the Administrator Back-end (or refresh your browser if already there) you will now

see the Back-end has been fully populated by the Sample Data.


It is now advisable to scout around the functions of the Control Panel and see what everything can do and

getting used to the Joomla! way of doing things.

The Front-end display also looks considerably healthier with the Sample Data installed. Spend some time

navigating around and getting a feel for Joomla!


You can Login to the Front-end using the same username and password as you do for the Back-end. A more

secure alternative is to have a separate username and password for Front-end access.

To complete the installation proceed to Step 7 – Finish.

Step 7 – Finish

Delete the installation directory

If you did not delete the Installation directory at Step 3 before uploading the core package to the server you

need to do so now.


[important]Warning! It is essential that the installation directory is removed as soon as you have completed the

installation. Failure to do so will leave a significant security risk for your Web site. As you have already found,

unlike the browser installation you are able to access the site without taking this step and the consequences

could be catastrophic further down the time line![/important]

Well, that is it all finished. We hope you enjoy using Joomla! and invite you to become an active part of the

ever-expanding Community that makes Joomla! so special.

Further Information: If you have been helped by this guide, let others know about it. If you have any

comments or suggestions to make on the content or coverage that we provide, please visit the User

Documentation forums.

[important]Note:If you would like to assist in the preparation of additional documentation for Joomla! please let us know,

again on the forums. We are always on the look-out for new contributors.[/important]

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